Geogrid Manuals and Resources

This page hosts resources to accompany the geogrid article from The Bridge 28.4. Below is a list of references for useful design manuals as well as the article's complete works cited. 


FHWA Design Manual 

MDOT Design Manual 

MDOT Special Provision for Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Abutment


Strengthening Effects- Tensar TriAx Geogrid 

Box of Rocks Video Demonstration

Sandbox Video Demonstration

Hammock Video Demonstration


Works Cited

Abu-Farsakh, M., Souci, G., Voyiadjis, G., & Chen, Q. (2012). ”Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Performance of Geogrid-Reinforced Granular Base Material Using Repeated Load Triaxial Tests.” J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 24(1), 72–83. Retrieved March 8, 2014 from

Archer, Stephen, P.E. (2008). Subgrade Improvement for Paved and Unpaved Surfaces Using Geogrids.Retrieved March 23, 2014 from

Boone County Expo, (2013). Subgrade Stabilization Using Geosynthetics. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from

Hanes Geo Components. “Basic Design Approach for Geogrid Base Reinforcement.” Retrieved April 4, 2014 from

Holtz, Robert, D. and Christopher, Barry, R., (1998) “Geosynthetic Design and Construction Guidelines.” U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, Publication No. FHWA HI-95-038Retrieved 1/29/2015 from

Kutuk-Sert, T. and Akpinar, M.V. “The Shape Analysis of Geogrids with Different Aperture Structures Used for Road Subgrade Reinforcement.” The XXVIII International Baltic Road Conference. Retrieved April 7, 2014 from

Nilex, Civil Environmental Group, (2008).Biaxial (BX) Geogrids. Retrieved March 23, 2014 from

Qian, Y., Han, J., Pokharel, S., and Parsons, R. (2013). “Performance of Triangular Aperture Geogrid-Reinforced Base Courses over Weak Subgrade under Cyclic Loading.” J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 25(8), 1013-1021. Retrieved April 15, 2014 from

Patented Method for Foundation Engineering Terminology, (2015) BENDA Trade, Retrieved 1/29/2015 from

Roads & Highways, Terram (2012) , Fiberweb Geosynthetics Ltd, Retrieved 1/29/2015 from

Tensar International Corporation (2013). Tensar® TriAx® (TX) Geogrids. Retrieved March 8, 2014 from